Essay On Weight Management & Diabetes Control


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Weight Management and Diabetes Control


Diabetes mellitus as chronic illness affects the lives of people in the modern world. Despite government intervention in the provision of medical drugs that help in control of blood sugar levels, type 2 diabetes mellitus remain a concern for the Richmond community in California. The focus in this context is the people above the age of 20 years (Colberg et al., 2010). Self-care management practices are of the essence in the control of the rising cases of type 2 diabetes mellitus. The appropriateness of increasing the prevention behavior finds great application in the controlling the rising cases of diabetes mellitus. There are pre-disposing factors that contribute to diabetes mellitus and individuals with these risks need to adopt ways of reducing the same. Pre-diabetic individuals already have high blood sugar levels in their systems but cannot be classified as diabetic (Colberg et al., 2010). A huge number of individuals are pre-diabetic while another 2 million are diabetic. Diabetes mellitus (type 2) has other associated health outcomes in that it increases the risks of cardiovascular diseases, retinopathy and blindness. Studies have related weight management role in reducing the severity of the disease. This is because weight gain forms one of the risk factor (Maurer & Smith, 2013). The multi-faceted factors leading to type 2 diabetes mellitus require regular medication as well as check up to ascertain the compatibility of the drugs (Wing et al., 2011).

Adopting an appropriate theoretical framework will help designing the plan for the best combative measures used in the management of diabetes mellitus. Community organization model finds great relevance in the management of diabetes mellitus. The theory relates between the concepts of partnership, empowerment and community competence in the fight off the disease. The partnership created in this model is between the community members and the health care providers. Self-management practices are envisioned by the model theory (Prince-Embury & Saklofske, 2013). As the name suggests, the theory provides an opportunity to public health educators within the primary care to have an organizational approach in intervening a particular clinical situation (Prince-Embury & Saklofske, 2013).

A four phased theory; community organization model entails assessment, coming up with a plan, implementing the plan and feasibility evaluation within the specified case. The relevance of this theory cannot be underestimated but rather finds great application in promoting the fight against diabetes mellitus. Assessment as one of the phases will help in defining the problem. In the case of Richmond Community, the health problem is type 2 diabetes mellitus with the focus being increase in prevention behaviors for adults aged 20 years and above (Maurer & Smith, 2013). After problem definition, the model theory will help in identifying the best intervention strategy and its implementation. According to the model, it will be appropriate to evaluate the progress and ascertain the feasibility of chosen intervention (Shrivastava, Shrivastava, Ramasamy & others, 2013).

An intervention based on the problem in question is encouraging weight management among the residents of Richmond. Reports and statistics have placed Richmond community among the ranks of residential areas with increased cases of obesity both in the young and the old. The rationale of the chosen intervention strategy finds the derivation from the fact the obesity is a risk factor that contribute to type 2 diabetes mellitus (Shrivastava, Shrivastava, Ramasamy & others, 2013). Obesity as a medical condition has multiple causes with poor diet and sedentary lifestyle being the named few. Various studies have indicated that weight management has compounding psychological effects on patient (Wing et al., 2011). Most people have the difficulty of adhering to workout session perhaps due to no observable changes. Weight management entails physical movement characterized by contraction and relaxation of skeletal muscles often leading to energy expenditure.

In expending the energy, the patient loses several pounds of weight. In Richmond Community, the intervention will help the pre-diabetics struggling with weight while at the same time having elevated blood sugar levels (Wing et al., 2011). Diabetic patients will benefit much from the practices under the umbrella of weight management. These people will be taught on healthy eating habits e.g. taking food with low glycemic index and physical exercises that help in lowering the blood sugar levels through energy expenditure (Colberg et al., 2010). Nevertheless, type 2 diabetes mellitus arises from a combination of genetic and environmental factors (Colberg et al., 2010). Some of the environmental factors entail poor diet and leading sedentary lives. The primary goal in the identified objective is to achieve optimal levels of blood glucose, lipid and blood pressure while preventing the complications of diabetes (Prince-Embury & Saklofske, 2013). It is without reasonable doubt that most of the patients can achieve normal blood glucose levels through weight management practices involving physical activities, self-care behaviors such as monitoring the blood sugar levels (Prince-Embury & Saklofske, 2013).

In the nursing theory, planning is of the essence. In this context, the first move will entail the provision of free diagnostic testing for the complication (Maurer & Smith, 2013). The test will be out of personal will with no coercion. In diagnostic testing, participants will determine their weight. The volunteers in this program will be enrolled for work sessions especially those who are overweight and having the disease already. In the advanced practices, in collaboration with nutritionists, volunteers will be educated on the best nutritional practices (Maurer & Smith, 2013). Additional physical activities will be encouraged such as jogging early in the morning when apparent pollution is low, swimming, and bicycling (Shrivastava, Shrivastava, Ramasamy & others, 2013). All these weight management practices will ensure that the volunteers attain the recommended levels of blood sugar while losing weight in a healthy manner.

Weight management finds appropriateness in the practice role. Weight management as a goal entails the facets of better nutrition and physical exercises (Wing et al., 2011). These are major factors that contribute to obesity a risk factor that lead to type 2 diabetes mellitus. In the intervention-based strategy selected, it will be possible to control blood sugar level and losing extra baggage.

References
Colberg, S., Sigal, R., Fernhall, B., Regensteiner, J., Blissmer, B., & Rubin, R. et al. (2010). Exercise and type 2 diabetes the American College of Sports Medicine and the American Diabetes Association: joint position statement. Diabetes Care, 33(12), 147--167.
Kazaks, A., & Stern, J. S. (2013). Nutrition and obesity: Assessment, management & prevention. Burlington, MA: Jones & Bartlett Learning.
Maurer, F., & Smith, C. (2013). Community/public health nursing practice (1st ed.). St. Louis, Mo.: Elsevier/Saunders.
Prince-Embury, S., & Saklofske, D. H. (2013). Resilience in children, adolescents, and adults: Translating research into practice. New York: Springer Science+Business Media.
Shrivastava, S., Shrivastava, P., Ramasamy, J., & others,. (2013). Role of self-care in management of diabetes mellitus. J Diabetes Metab Disord, 12(1),
Wing, R., Lang, W., Wadden, T., Safford, M., Knowler, W., & Bertoni, A. et al. (2011). Benefits of modest weight loss in improving cardiovascular risk factors in overweight and obese individuals with type 2 diabetes. Diabetes Care, 34(7), 1481--1486.