Essay On Healthy People Initiative


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HEALTHY PEOPLE INITIATIVE


Healthy People is a program by the American government to ensure healthy living among Americans. Health People has 10-year objectives geared at improving the overall lifestyle of the American in the Health sector. Healthy People as a benchmark has helped in the monitoring process and self-evaluation of personal health with the aim of encouraging communities to work together in all sectors that pertain human health. Furthermore, the initiative helps individuals to arrive at the best decisions on matters relating to personal health (Blanchard, Blanchard, & University of Wisconsin--Madison, 2012). The initiative also seeks to effectively monitor the impact that relate to prevention techniques adopted.

The ingenious initiative was started on December 2, 2010 and has been ambitious in setting the precedence that lead to national and personal health. Healthy People help in championing the best disease prevention strategies and other health promotion areas. When the two websites are compared there are new additions to the 2020 initiatives. Each of the two documents has national objectives for achieving the national goals in the health of Americans. Health People 2010 reflects what was best in the covering the comprehensive picture that characterize the national goals. The two documents have set-goals and objectives that were meant for achievement in a period of ten years. The initiatives borrow knowledge from the scientific expertise, academia and the government. There are other national membership organizations that contribute to the overall success of the initiative. A striking feature in the Healthy People 2010 and that of the 2020 is a mixture of objectives that provide a platform in the initiative.

For instance in the objective under category C, for HP 2010, there is an initiative to prevent the Chronic Back Conditions which is lacking in the HP 2020. In the objective category S, a new addition has been included referring to the Social Determinants of Health. There are a number of factors that could have influenced the changed in objectives over the 10-year period. Removal of an objective such as the Chronic Back Condition in the visionary 2020 could have been attributed either to the success in controlling such conditions in the health facilities or rarity of the condition (Kronenfeld, 2009). Furthermore, this condition could have been contained because of the best outcomes leading to ultimate goal realization.

Addition of new objectives in the category S of HP 2020 could have been due to the desire of looking at the social determinant of health among the people or other societal changes within the framework of 10-years that influence health. Determining of the goals is influenced by a number of other factors such as the target group and population. For instance, development and progression may arise out of societal negligence to the control of vectors all other disease-causing factors (Healthy People, 2013). This may lead to the addition of such determinants in the goal and objectives. Incidences of disease outbreaks that are endemic to a certain society can influence the addition of an objective to the HP Initiative.

Socioeconomic disparities are one of the factors that remain the main determinants in the health of individuals. They influence healthcare provision, the environmental exposure to the disease causing conditions and health behavior of individuals. The chronic stress associated with a low socio-economic status may raise the cases of morbidity and mortality. Socio-economic disparities include inequality in education, income and occupation (Kronenfeld, 2009). This status exacerbates the gap of the people who can access healthcare facilities and those that cannot.

Socio-economic disparities whether income, occupation and education, have a direct link to a number of health problems. These problems lead to high mortality rates in the individuals affected. Some of the deaths in the U.S are caused by the toxic effect of tobacco, diet and low economic activities. Modification of such risks factors associated with the diseases requires an upstream consideration of the socioeconomic factors. While socio-economic disparity may be linked directly to the high cases of mortality and morbidity, the underlying mechanisms are not clearly understood. Due to the pervasive effects of the socio-economic factors, there is no single policy that can eliminate the health disparities. A number of recommendations and solutions have been made as a possible elimination of the increased cases of disparity targeting key population subsets.

Socio-economic disparities vary and encompass three aspects being; education, income and occupation. Disparity in income is a major concern since most people are unable to pay or the services in the hospitals (Blanchard, Blanchard, & University of Wisconsin--Madison, 2012). I will discuss income disparity and devise a plan for the control and provision of sustainable solutions. Social security fund as an aspect that can be instituted in controlling income disparity. People who have chronic illness and cannot afford the medical fees for the treatment can benefit from the social security fund.

Redistributive policies need enhancement in the control of diseases. Earned Income Tax Credit is a federal policy that has helped in raising the income for poor-working families. The local governments can help in instituting programs that would help people make a living (Meresman, Furio, Pan American Health Organization, & Education Development Center, 2009). Income generating programs include cleaning of the environment and caring for the elderly. Income generated by the workers may help them achieve better health. Finally, the government should ensure that the healthcare is affordable to all despite the economic status.

References
Blanchard, A., Blanchard, A., & University of Wisconsin--Madison (2012). [Oral History Program interview with Blanchard, Ali, 2012].
Healthy People (2013, August 28). Healthy People 2020 - Improving the Health of Americans.
Koh, H. K. (2009). Toward the Elimination of Cancer Disparities: Medical and Health Perspectives. New York, NY: Springer-Verlag New York.
Kronenfeld, J. J. (2009). Social sources of disparities in health and health care and linkages to policy, population concerns, and providers of care. Bingley, U.K: Emerald.
Meresman, S., Furio, V. J., Pan American Health Organization, & Education Development Center (2009). Health promotion, schools and community: Observations and lessons from the Ibero-American experience. Washington, D.C: Pan American Health Organization, Regional Office of the World Health Organization.